The purpose of the R-1, Single Family Residential District is to provide for low density single family detached residential dwelling units and directly related, complementary uses.   These properties are large in size and commonly have accessory structures. This district also allows limited recreational uses.




Subject to applicable provisions of this Ordinance, the following are permitted uses in an

R-1 District:


A. Single family detached dwellings. B. Public parks and playgrounds.

C.       Residential care facilities serving six (6) or fewer persons.






Subject to applicable provisions of this Ordinance, the following are interim uses in the

R-1 District and are governed by Section 1205 of this Ordinance:


A. Water related activities as defined by and pursuant to Section 1107 of the City



4 B.     For lots of record established prior to 1 January 1997, the City Council may approve by interim use permit, the subdivision of one (1) parcel which does not meet the minimum lot frontage requirement stipulated by this ordinance from another parcel of land which meets the minimums established by this Ordinance provided that:


1. When future access and lot frontage meeting the minimum specified by this Ordinance and the Subdivision Ordinance is made available through the subdivision of abutting property, permanent access shall be by way of such abutting property, and any driveway easements allowed under this Section shall be permanently abandoned.


2. The  potential  for  public  street  access  through  the  incorporation  of adjoining land must exist for a single lot subdivision to be considered under the terms of this Ordinance and the Subdivision Ordinance.


3. No more than one (1) additional lot is created and if there is potential for additional subdivisions meeting the minimum standards required by this Ordinance and the Subdivision Ordinance, the property shall be deed restricted, prohibiting such division.


4. Access to the site not meeting minimum frontage requirements shall be by easement crossing a parcel which has minimum required frontage on a public or approved private road.


5. The  easement  providing  access  to  a  site  lacking  required  minimum frontage shall be subtracted from the minimum required developable area of the lot affected (that lot over which the easement is placed must be 2.5 net acres or greater).


6. In no case shall access by easement serve more than two (2) lots.


7. The construction standards of driveways provided under this Section shall by subject to standards recommended by the City Engineer and approved by the City Council.


8. The lots resulting after the proposed subdivision shall meet the minimum developable area as specified by this Ordinance.


9. The City Council may limit the placement of structures on the lots resulting after the proposed subdivision in consideration of preservation of trees and topography and views of abutting properties and may also limit the lighting of driveways.


10. Maintenance  of  the  property  access  shall  be  the  responsibility  of  the property owner(s) and not the City.


11. The provisions of Section 1204 of this Ordinance shall be considered and satisfactorily met.



Subject to applicable provisions of this Ordinance, the following are permitted accessory uses in the R-1 District:


A. Tool  houses,  sheds  and  other  such  structures  for  the  storage  of  domestic supplies and equipment.


B. Private garages and off-street parking.


C. Greenhouses, provided they do not exceed five hundred (500) square feet in area.


D. Swimming pools, provided they are located below ground and are constructed with a protective safety feature such as a retractable cover and/or fence.  The City Council, may at its discretion, exempt the structure from the required protective safety features if the property owner can demonstrate no safety hazards are posed for neighboring properties due to special site considerations including topography, dense vegetation, etc.


E. Living  quarters  within  the  principal  structure  of  persons  employed  on  the premises.


F. Except as otherwise limited, private recreational facilities, only accessory to an existing principal permitted use on the same lot and which are operated for the enjoyment and convenience of the residents of the principal use and their occasional guests.  The lighting, of either a temporary or permanent nature, of such facilities which includes tennis courts, swimming pools, sport activity areas, and the like shall be prohibited.


G. Security  lights  provided  the  impact  on  surrounding  properties,  public  water bodies,  and  the  public  right-of-way  is  minimized  and  is  in  compliance  with Section 1216.06 of this Ordinance (proximity security lights are recommended if such lighting is to be installed).


9 H.    Accessory  buildings,  structures,  and  uses  customarily  incidental  and  directly related to the uses permitted in Sections 1241.02 and 1241.05 of this Ordinance and subject to applicable regulation of this Ordinance.


I. Customary and incidental home occupations as regulated by Section 1221 of this



J. One name plate sign not over two (2) square feet in area for each dwelling unit.


2 K.     Radio and television receiving antennas including single satellite dish TVROs one (1) meter or less in diameter, short-wave radio dispatching antennas, or those necessary for the operation of household electronic equipment including

radio receivers, federal licensed amateur radio stations and television receivers, as regulated by Section 1226 of this Ordinance.


11 L.    Day care facilities serving twelve (12) or fewer persons.


30 M.   Ground source heat pump and roof mounted solar energy systems as regulated by Section 1230 of this Ordinance.






Subject to applicable provisions of this Ordinance, the following are conditional uses in an R-1 District.  (Requires a conditional use permit based upon procedures set forth in and regulated by Section 1204 of this Ordinance.)


A. Accommodations  for  horses  as  an  accessory  use,  in  accordance  with  the following provisions:


1. The minimum lot size for accommodating one horse shall be three (3)

acres, plus two (2) acres of grazing land  for each additional horse.


2. All stables shall be located a minimum distance of two hundred (200) feet from any adjacent residential structure, excluding the residence of the applicant, and all corral areas shall be located a minimum distance of one hundred (100) feet from any adjacent residential lot, excluding the residence of the applicant.


3. All  accommodations  for  horses  shall  occur  within  the  rear  yard  of  a residential lot.


4. Where an application for the boarding of a horse shall occur adjacent to a vacant lot, the City Council shall take into account a proper location of a future residence in considering the application.


5. Only the horses of the property owner shall be kept on the property and there shall be no boarding of animals for other persons.


6. The provisions of Section 1204.02.F of this Ordinance are considered and satisfactorily met.


B. Governmental and public related utility buildings, essential service structures as defined by Section 1201.02 of this Ordinance necessary for the health, safety and general welfare of the City, excluding public works type facilities, provided that:

1. When an abutting residential use or a residential use district, the property is screened and landscaped in compliance with Section 1218.03 of this Ordinance.


2. The provisions of Section 1204.02.F of this Ordinance are considered and satisfactorily met.


2 C. Single satellite dish TVROs greater than one (1) meter in diameter as regulated by Section 1226 of this Ordinance.


30D.    Ground mounted solar energy systems as regulated by Section 1230 of this







Subject to applicable provisions of this Section, performance standards established by this Ordinance, and processing requirements of Section 1211, the following are uses allowed in an R-1 District by administrative permit as may be issued by the designated City agent.


A.       Emergency Permits.


1. Temporary dwelling quarters (mobile homes or trailers).


2. Temporary construction gates or security structures. B. Non-Emergency Permits.

1. Temporary electric fences for gardens.






The following minimum requirements shall be observed in an R-1 District subject to additional requirements, exceptions and modifications set forth in this Ordinance.


A. Lot Area Requirements:


11 1. Lot Area: The minimum lot area shall be two and one-half (2½) acres of net area.  For the purposes of this Ordinance and as defined in Section

1202.02.L,  net area means two and one-half (2½) acres of land, not including wetlands, land seasonally flooded on an annual basis, land containing drainage ways and/or surface water or land containing aquatic vegetation, and land in excess of twelve (12) percent slope.


2. Lot Width:


a. Two Hundred (200) feet.


b. Fifty (50) feet if located on a curve or cul-de-sac.  Lot width must be two hundred (200) feet at the front yard setback line.


B. Setbacks:


1. Front Yard:  One Hundred (100) feet.


2. Side Yard:


a. Corner: One Hundred (100) feet. b. Interior: Fifty (50) feet.

3. Rear Yard:  Fifty (50) feet. C. Accessory Structure(s) Setbacks:

1. Front Yard:  One Hundred (100) feet.


2. Side Yard:  Twenty-Five (25) feet.


3. Rear Yard:  Twenty-Five (25) feet.





The following lot coverage and height requirements shall be observed in an R-1 District: A. The total ground area of all buildings shall not exceed a lot coverage of ten (10)



13 B.    Building Height: No building structure shall exceed two and one-half (2½) stories or thirty (30) feet in existing grade height, whichever is the lesser in height, except as provided by Section 1219.02 of this Ordinance.    The existing grade height of a building, as defined by Section 1202.02.B, must not exceed thirty (30) feet measured from the average existing ground level prior to construction of any point on the perimeter of the building line to the top of the cornice of a flat or mansard roof and to the highest gable of a pitched or hipped roof.   Finished grade building height, as defined by Section 1202.02.B, has the potential to create an adverse impact on adjacent properties.  Therefore, depending on the finished grade building height, the City, as part of a site and building plan approval,  may  impose  additional  conditions  relating  to  structure  siting  and

landscaping screening in order to reduce the potential adverse impact.  If the City Council determines that the conditions relating to structure siting and landscape screening   are  not  sufficient  to  substantially   reduce  the  adverse   impact  to adjacent properties, the City Council may deny site and building plan approval.